Kyrgyzstan culture


Originally Kyrgyz tribes came from Sibiria, they moved to the south until location of modern Kyrgyzstan. Traditionally Nomads they have always been living with cattle. Sheep and horses from the very beginning were the most important animals that helped people to survive. Well, horse-back riding is one of the most significant parts of Kyrgyz traditional culture, and there is Kyrgyz saying: "If you would have only one day to live, you should spend at least half of it in the saddle."

Children start to help family from the very young age. They learn how to ride a horse when they just start walking, and the boys will then soon also be caring for the sheep.

Girls very early learn the traditional handicraft and help to the older crafts women to sew and decorate things. It means the very beautiful carpets that are made with months- or year-lasting work and collecting for daughter's marriage. The most famous carpets are made of felt and fancy patterned. They called Shyrdak and Ala-Kiyiz and can be find in any Kyrgyz house.

Traditional Kyrgyz dwelling called Yurt is better known. It is made from felt as well, and can be found everywhere on the pastures. And it is still has place in every-day life, even in cities: You find street-cafes everywhere, serving traditional meals, and also families in big towns still build the yurt on the most important holidays, like the birth of a child, a marriage or a burial. part of the yurt called Tyunduk is depicted in the flag of the Republic and this fact underlines the importance of ancient traditions in modern life.  

The yurt is rather comfortable, collapsible and mobile dwelling that has a wooden construction covered with thick layer of felt. The whole thing is fixed with short leather-ribbons (instead of nails) and ropes made from animals' hair. Inside, decoration is spread out everywhere: Carpets on the walls and on the floor, and the "Djuk" at the end of the yurt, opposite the entrance: It is bed sheets, that are spread at nighttime on the floor and offer a soft and warm place for the night, but during daytime they are kept stapled and covered with a amazing decorated cloth.

In the centre of the yurt there is a little stove used for cooking and warming the room. It is very necessary also in summer in those high-altitude regions especially if weather is bad. At the left side of the yurt are stored utilities for hunting, fishing, horse-back riding and everything for the sheep and this part possessed to men of the family.  The womens part is on the right hand side - you can find kitchen utilities, and everything needed for handicraft and sewing.