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Kyrgyzstan History


Introduction
Specking about history of Kyrgyzstan, you will be provided by necessary information about its introduction. It is important to note that, Kyrgyz appeared in 201 BC and has history of 2000 years which makes it precious. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan, you will find out that, Kyrgyz people used to follow nomadic way of life and lived in nomadic dwellings - yurts. They never build big houses and preferred to be close to the nature. Course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan will guide you through historical places where you can see carved petroglyphs and other writings.

Prehistory (1 million years ago - 1 000 BC)
We are ready to tell you more about prehistory of Kyrgyz people in your tours in Kyrgyzstan. Regarding to this period, you will find the high development of culture and art. If you want to see it, you can visit the Rock Art Gallery in Cholpon Ata. The history of Kyrgyzstan is truly priceless. During a tour in Kyrgyzstan, you will different kind of pictures on rocky walls. There are approximately 2000 images and petroglyphs of various animals such as goats, bulls, horses, deers, camels, dogs and others. In addition, you may find images of hunting, plowing, ritual dancing, animals with carts, labyrinths and even erotic.

Ancient History (1 000 BC - 300 AD)
Every traveller wants to know more about ancient history when he travels in Kyrgyzstan. It goes without saying that, the first name of Kyrgyz was found in 201 BC where one Chinese historian, his name was Sima Tan mentioned in his book "Historical notes" that, Kyrgyz related with the Hunnu. The next record was done by another Chinese chronicle Han-shu (History of Han). It was written by historian Ban Gu, who said that, Kyrgyz was found in the 1st century BC. There were many predictions about Kyrgyz appearance. There are facts about Kyrgyz presence in the 1st century BC in the area of Eastern Turkestan.

Turkic Era (500-1200)
In the course of tours in Kyrgyzstan, we would like to inform you more about Turkic Era. It is important to note that, in the 6th and 13th centuries there was migration of Turkic-speaking tribes from the Altai Mountains to the Central Asian region. Still Kyrgyz was unknown. Over the time, in the 7th century, the Kyrgyz formed the Kyrgyz Kaganate on the middle Yenisei River, South Siberia where the ruler was Barsbek ajo-king.  In the 9-10th centuries the Yenisei Kyrgyz moved from the Irtysh River in the west to the Big Khingan range in the east, from the Angara and Selenga Rivers in the north to the Gobi Desert in the south. In this period of time, the Russian and Soviet historian Barthold start rule the Great Kyrgyz Empire.

The Mongol Rule (1200-1400)
In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan, you will be told about the Mongol Rule which destructed the area in the 13th century. The Mongol army ruled by Genghis Khan who later destroyed the Turkic culture and in 1207, the Yenisei Kyrgyz decided to join to Genghiz Khan's army. Chenghiz Khan ruled for several hundred years. 

Speaking of Kyrgyz, in the 12th and 15th centuries, they started to follow Islam religion, but unfortunately, this period of time caused shamanistic tradition among Kyrgyz tride in the 19th century.

Kyrgyz consolidation (1400-1800)
Kyrgyz consolidation formed due to movement to the South Siberia on the 15th century. Furthermore, in the 15-19th centuries, Kyrgyz was still unknown. Over the time, they decided to make own Kyrgyz state but formed ethno-political system of two wings and center which made them to be independent.

Russian Colonization (1770-1917)
Concerning about Russian Colonization, the northern Kyrgyz became a member of Russian colony and protected from Kazakh, Koqand and Chinese threats. The southern Kyrgyzstan forcedly joined to the Russian Empire. Few years later, the territories of Central Asia and Kazakhstan, established the new administrative-territorial system and developed the nomadic lifestyle as well as agricultural economy. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan will give you opportunity to see the development of Kyrgyz culture step by step.

Soviet Rule (1917-1991)
As for Soviet Rule, the great contribution was brought up by Bolsheviks in 1917. People were free and employed as well as supported by Central Asia. This period of time caused economic and cultural development of Kyrgyzstan. It is worth saying that, there was development of elimination of illiteracy and the creation of the system of elementary, secondary and higher education, the development of professional literature, theatre, painting, cinema, science and the establishment of a large-scale heavy metal processing industry and machinery. Thanks to Bolsheviks, Kyrgyzstan became independent.

Independent Kyrgyzstan (since 1991)
It goes without saying that, Kyrgyzstan got independence. Finally, the national flag, emblem and anthem were established. The Constitution of Kyrgyzstan was accepted in 1993. Kyrgyzstan became member of UN on 2nd of March 1992. There were times where Kyrgyzstan faced with political violence which became a reason of mass-scale unemployment and political, economic as well as social crisis. There were two revolutions in 2005 and 2010 which resulted to the rebellion of two presidents. The poor times passed by and the country got political, social and economic stabilization which make it to become parliamentary system in 2010. In 2017, a new transition of president took place.