Due to its topography and mountains landscape territory of the country is split into the northern and to southern part. In the northern part there are big valleys like the Chui-valley and the Talas-valley and the biggest lake in the country - Issyk-Kul. Kyrgyz people call the lake "Blue Pearl of the Tien-Shan" or "Sea of the Kyrgyz".
To the south of those big valleys, there's the heart of the Tien-Shan Mountains. From Chinese it translates "Heavenly or Celestial Mountains ". Its highest points: The Peak Pobedy (Peak Victory) with an altitude of 7439 m that is the most northern7000m peak in the world. Another one is Khan-Tengri peak with 6995 m above sea level. All trips to these peaks and around this stern but very beautiful area starts from Karakol city at the eastern end of lake Issyk-Kul.Also, there are the famous glacier Enylchek and the mysterious Lake Merzbacher, that is being emptied once a year, but then refills completely located in the same area. Lake Merzbacher, during many years used to generate questioning between scientists and explorers, were whether it is existing at all - some of them mentioned it on their maps and in their descriptions, some did not - depending on the time of the year and the level of water.
Beside all kind of mountainous landscapes one could imagine: green and fertile high-altitude pastures, lower situated valleys with woods, sandy and rocky mountains and valleys, rocky and snow-covered high-altitude mountain regions, the Tien-Shan mountain range offers some very famous mountain lakes: Apart from the popular lake Issyk-Kul, which is used mainly for beach-holidays, one should mention the regions of lake Son-Kul at an altitude of about 3000m, and lake Sary-Chelek at about 1900 m above sea level (see also List of main touristic places / Son-Kul ; Sary-Chelek).
But this massif and gorgeous mountains attracts people not only for its landscape, but first of all because of its fauna: Rare animals like the Marco-Polo sheep and the snow leopard that live in the area. There are very common birds like eagles, falcons and vulture, while you could also at an altitude of 3000m watch seagulls and find rare species everywhere around the country.
In the south-west, the Tien-Shan mountains are divided into two parts and embed in their middle the Ferghana-valley. This lowland is situated for its biggest part in Uzbekistan, but the east borders also reach into Kyrgyz territory. It is famous mainly for its fertility and rich, juicy and fresh choice of fruits and vegetables. In this part of Kyrgyzstan naturally, population is quite dense, and also the second-biggest town of the country is situated here: Osh , with about 300.000 inhabitants.
The visitors can perfectly relax in a calm and peaceful atmosphere of the country side among sunflowers fields and enjoying culinary specialities.
The far south of the country the borders to Tadjikistan and China is establishes by the Pamir mountain range. There is another high, peak towering to sky: Peak Lenin (7134m), which is popular with mountaineers from all over the world, also thanks to its technically not too demanding ascent.
Kyrgyzstan Travel industry has been steadily developing, including quality hotels in big cities including Bishkek and Osh. Travel to Kyrgyzstan, with its virgin nature, will make you trip unforgettable.